BPA (2023)

Bisphenol A, or BPA, is a chemical used to make a hard clear plastic called polycarbonate, some sealants, and thermal paper such as the paper used to print cash register receipts.

Most of us living in the United States have BPA in our bodies, but the human health effects are unknown. Our main sources of BPA are household products. Today, fewer products contain BPA than in 2010 because of efforts by Washington State, federal agencies and some product manufacturers.

What products have BPA?

BPA enters our bodies mainly through food and beverages that have been in contact with polycarbonate.

  • Canned foods, because most metal cans are lined with a sealant containing BPA.
  • Sports water bottles may contain BPA if bought before July 2012.
  • Baby bottles, sippy cups and other containers designed for children 3 years old and younger may contain BPA if bought before July 2011.
  • Baby pacifiers
  • BPA (1)Other hard, clear plastic food or beverage containers. This symbol means it may contain BPA.
  • Cash register receipts.Some manufacturers make “BPA free” thermal paper, but it’s often coated with a chemical called BPS. According to a 2014 report from the EPA, BPS may pose health hazards similar to BPA because the two chemicals are structurally alike and BPS is also easily transferred to skin.

BPA-free products

BPA (2)

(Video) Should I Be Afraid of BPA?

  • Glass and stainless steel containers with no plastic linings.
  • Brick-shaped cardboard cartons (like juice boxes) used for food packaging. Cartons made by Tetra Pak or SIG Combibloc do not contain BPA. Look for those names on the bottom of the carton.
  • BPA (3)Plastic containers labeled with a 1, 2 or 5.

But beware:
Four reasons "BPA-Free" won't protect you
BPA-Free Plastic Containers May Be Just as Hazardous

The concerns about BPA

Human exposure to BPA is widespread. A survey of the U.S. population found BPA in 93 percent of urine samples from people age 6 and older.1
"... any level of exposure at all—may cause endocrine or reproductive abnormalities ..."

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Toxicology Program agree that recent studies provide reason for some concern about the potential effects of BPA on the brain, behavior, and prostate gland of fetuses, infants and children.2

Reduce your exposure to BPA

Findtipsto reduce infant’s exposure to BPA.

The best way to reduce your BPA exposure is to avoid household products that contain BPA.

(Video) What Is Bisphenol A (BPA) & How To Reduce Exposure To It? – Dr.Berg

Food choices:

  • Eat fresh and frozen foods instead of foods stored in cans.
  • Purchase foods packaged in glass containers, ceramic containers or cardboard brick-shaped cartons. Juice boxes are an example of a cardboard brick-shaped carton. Look on the bottom to see if it was made by Tetra Pak or SIG Combibloc.

Food containers already at home:

  • Replace pre-2011 baby bottles, sippy cups, water bottles and other hard, clear plastic food storage containers.3
  • Throw away cracked or scratched plastic containers. Recycle them if possible (ask your local recycling program) or put them in garbage.
  • Use glass or unlined stainless steel water bottles.
  • Keep plastic containers labeled with a 1, 2 or 5; they do not contain BPA or other plastic chemicals of concern.BPA (4)
  • Dispose of plastic containers labeled with a 7 inside the recycle symbol. Although not all 7 plastics contain BPA, it’s not easy to tell which contain BPA and which don’t.

Safer practices for food containers made of polycarbonate:

  • Use polycarbonate plastic for cold storage and for non-food items.
  • Heat food in glass, ceramic or stainless steel containers. In polycarbonate containers, heat leaches more BPA into foods and liquids.
  • Wash polycarbonate containers by hand instead of in the dishwasher to prevent scratching. Scratching releases more BPA.

Safer practices for receipts:

  • Wash your hands after handling receipts
  • Consider putting gloves on before handling a lot of receipts

Recent state and federal actions


February, Washington Department of Ecology tested 74 products purchased from retailers and found that 96% did not contain BPA. Baby bottles, sippy cups, toddler containers, sports bottles and others were tested.

(Video) Takács Ferenc - Jelenlétedben - Élő közvetítés


August, manufacturers of children’s products began reporting to the Washington State Department of Ecology if their products contained BPA, per theChildren’s Safe Products Act.

July,sports bottles sold in Washingtonmay no longer contain BPA.

July, theFDAissued a final rule that no longer allows polycarbonate resins in baby bottles and sippy cups. This decision was based on evidence that manufacturers of those products have already abandoned polycarbonate.

July, Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s)Design for the Environmentprogram researched safer alternatives to BPA used in thermal paper receipts, in partnership with interested parties such as manufacturers, distributors and retail users. The draft report was published in July and the final report is anticipated by the Winter of 2013.

March, theFDArecommended taking reasonable steps to reduce human exposure to BPA in the food supply. In cooperation with other agencies, FDA plans additional studies over the next several years.

(Video) Forever Chemicals PFAS, PFOA, PFOS, BPA, Explained Clearly


August, BPA was included on Washington’s Reporting List of Chemicals of High Concern to Children.

July,food and beverage containersintended for children under age 3 sold in Washington may no longer contain BPA. Metal cans with interior coatings containing BPA are exempt (i.e., may still contain BPA).


March, Washington State enactedChapter 70.280 RCW, with a schedule for banning BPA from certain products

January, theFDArevised its position on BPA's safety, noting "some concern" about its effects on children and infants. Previously, the FDA had held that trace amounts of BPA from food containers are not harmful.

More information

1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,The 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

(Video) Ábrahám, a hit atyja - A megigazulás és a szövetségek - Téli bibliaiskola 2. rész

2. U.S. FDA,Bisphenol A (BPA): Use in Food Contact Application

3. Before July 2011, some retailers voluntarily sold BPA-free products. If you know your plastic food containers are “BPA-free,” continue to use them. Otherwise, we recommend replacing them.


Is BPA-free enough? ›

However, the research that does exist suggests that even small concentrations of BPS and BPF may leach into food and disrupt the function of your cells in ways similar to BPA. Thus, BPA-free plastics may not be an adequate solution ( 2 , 18 ).

What is BPA short for? ›

BPA stands for bisphenol A, an industrial chemical that has been used to make certain plastics and resins since the 1950s. BPA is found in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins.

How much BPA is safe? ›

The FDA's current limit on BPA is 50 µg/kg of body weight. Several studies have indicated that BPA exposure has a negative impact on health, especially for women.

How do you get BPA out of your system? ›

BPA can be eliminated by supporting liver detoxification and cultivating a healthy microbiome with organic foods, antioxidants, and specific supplements. Research shows that BPA is excreted in sweat—exercise, sauna therapy, and adequate water intake support this pathway.

Is BPA free still toxic? ›

Not so fast, scientists warn. Summary: Using 'BPA-free' plastic products could be as harmful to human health -- including a developing brain -- as those products that contain the controversial chemical, suggest scientists.

Should I buy BPA free? ›

The Health Benefits of BPA-Free Water Bottles

A growing amount of research links Bisphenol A to some major health concerns, such as a higher risk of certain cancers, reduced fertility, diabetes, and birth defects. These concerns even lead to a California ban on BPA.

What does BPA stand for in school? ›

BPA stands for Business Professionals of America and is the student organization for students enrolled in a business class.

Why did we use BPA? ›

BPA Has Been Used for Decades Because It Performs Well. The two primary uses for BPA, accounting for about 95 percent of all BPA produced, are to make polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins.

What does BPA act as? ›

BPA is a known endocrine disruptor. Although initially considered to be a weak environmental estrogen, more recent studies have demonstrated that BPA may be similar in potency to estradiol in stimulating some cellular responses.

Is it OK to touch BPA? ›

One study found that the chemical is readily absorbed through the skin, while a second study found that people who routinely touch BPA-laden till receipts have higher than average levels of the chemical in their bodies.

What everyday items have BPA? ›

Items such as plastic water bottles, toiletry bottles, eyeglasses lenses, CDs or DVDs, canned foods, feminine hygiene products, baby bottles, sports equipment, household electronics and any other product packaged in plastic containers can contain BPA.

How much BPA is in food? ›

About 10% of canned goods still contain BPA, despite the fact that the chemical is a health hazard. The FDA has deemed 50 micrograms of BPA per kilogram of body weight per day a "safe" amount, though negative health outcomes have been reported as a result of far lower doses.

How quickly does BPA leave the body? ›

BPA is absorbed readily when ingested, but the liver quickly metabolizes the chemical. It is excreted in the urine within 24 hours and does not accumulate in the body.

Is BPA damage reversible? ›

The findings, published today in Genetics, provide the first evidence that at least some BPA-induced fertility damage can be undone.

What does BPA do to a woman's body? ›

Higher BPA levels in blood, in women, have been associated with a variety of conditions including obesity, endometrial hyperplasia, recurrent miscarriages, and polycystic ovarian syndrome; although providing interesting preliminary data on potential health risks, also considering gender difference, the epidemiological ...

Is bottled water BPA free? ›

One way to check if your water bottle is BPA free is to look for the identification code. BPA-safe bottles should only use codes 1, 2, 4, or 5. Turn the bottle upside down, and you should see the recycling code at the bottom. The symbol shows a triangle made of three arrows encasing a number.

Is Tupperware BPA free? ›

In its continuous search for the best materials for use in its products, Tupperware has found other materials with improved performance characteristics that have been approved by regulators to be BPA free to replace polycarbonate.

What is the healthiest water bottle to use? ›

Now that you know the benefits of bottling your own water and what to look for when purchasing a water bottle – pick one that's best for you! Glass is the safest water bottle type and offers the purity of taste, but stainless steel offers insulation benefits that keep your beverages hot or cold.

How much BPA is in bottled water? ›

Despite the fact that the individual concentrations of BPA in bottled water were low (ng/L) at 0.6 mg/kg (body weight), the cumulative daily dose in the body may be much higher than the quoted concentrations due to the number of products containing BPA.

What happens if a bottle isn't BPA free? ›

The Health Benefits of BPA-Free Water Bottles

A growing amount of research links Bisphenol A to some major health concerns, such as a higher risk of certain cancers, reduced fertility, diabetes, and birth defects. These concerns even lead to a California ban on BPA.

Is stainless steel BPA free? ›

Because food-grade stainless steel is non-toxic, rust resistant and corrosion resistant, it doesn't need a liner. That means our reusable water bottles, travel coffee cups, and insulated food pots are 100% BPA free.

What does BPA mean in high school? ›

Business Professionals of America is the nation's leading CTSO (Career Technical Student Organization) providing students and members with invaluable skill development and the opportunity to make personal connections.

What is BPA in middle school? ›

BPA is a national co-curricular career and technical organization for high school, college and middle school students preparing for careers in business and information technology. BPA has more than 55,000 members in over 2,300 chapters in 23 states, and we are growing!

What does BPA mean in nursing? ›

Intervention/treatment. Phase. Smoking Cessation. Other: Best Practices Advisory (BPA) Other: BPA + Enhanced Education. Not Applicable.

Is BPA still used in USA? ›

It's everywhere. It's in medical devices, compact discs, dental sealants, water bottles, the lining of canned foods and drinks, and many other products. More than 90% of us have BPA in our bodies right now. We get most of it by eating foods that have been in containers made with BPA.

When was BPA banned in the US? ›

2012: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) bans the use of BPA in baby bottles and children's spill-proof cups. 2013: The FDA bans the use of BPA in infant formula packaging materials.

Is BPA still used today? ›

This type of plastic is used to make some types of beverage containers, compact disks, plastic dinnerware, impact-resistant safety equipment, automobile parts, and toys. BPA epoxy resins are used in the protective linings of food cans, in dental sealants, and in other products.

When did BPA free start? ›

Retailers, however, chose not to wait for a regulatory decision and began pulling plastic water and baby bottles made with BPA from the shelves in 2008. In early 2009, a bill banning BPA in children's food containers was introduced in Congress.

Which is a main source of BPA? ›

Food and beverages are the main source of exposure to BPA. Air, dust, and water are other possible sources. BPA can leach into food from the protective internal epoxy resin coatings of canned foods and from consumer products such as polycarbonate tableware, food storage containers, and water bottles.

What is BPA made of? ›

How is bisphenol A made? It's made by a condensation reaction between phenol and propanone (acetone), using an acid catalyst such as hydrochloric acid. Annual production of BPA is two-three million tonnes.

Can you wash BPA off your hands? ›

However, according to EWG, “a study published July 11 by scientists with the Official Food Control Authority of the Canton of Zürich in Switzerland found that BPA transfers readily from receipts to skin and can penetrate the skin to such a depth that it cannot be washed off.” So reducing the number of receipts we ...

Does washing remove BPA? ›

Of the common consumer cleaning methods identified in an informal survey, dishwashing was the most effective method that significantly reduced, even eliminated BPA release from the tested BPA-positive Tritan bottles, while rinsing with water and handwashing with soap and water were ineffective.

Can you wash off BPA? ›

Repeated washing can remove most of the controversial chemical bisphenol A from plastic containers, a University of British Columbia professor says. "I'd probably suggest five or six complete cycles in the dishwasher," environmental toxicologist Stelvio Bandiera said, adding that there will always be some left.

Do ziplock bags contain BPA? ›

BPA Free. SC Johnson's Ziploc® brand Bags and Containers are BPA free. Our products are extensively evaluated for toxicity and safety and comply with applicable quality and safety regulations.

Does Coca Cola use BPA? ›

BPA is found in the linings of most canned foods and most aluminum cans, including Coca-Cola products. Handling register receipts in stores is another common way people are exposed. Now, a new study suggests that even small doses of BPA can significantly increase blood pressure in adults.

Does Walmart use BPA? ›

Many food manufacturers and grocery retailers — including major companies such as Campbell's, Del Monte, General Mills, Target, Safeway and Walmart — continue to sell their food products in cans lined with the chemical bisphenol A (BPA), despite promises from some of the companies that they would stop the practice, ...

Do all canned foods have BPA? ›

The good news is that most food cans are now BPA-free. And the metal can industry says the alternative linings it developed to replace BPA coatings are tested to be safe and effective. But some health experts worry whether that's really the case.

What products are high in BPA? ›

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical produced in large quantities for use primarily in the production of polycarbonate plastics. It is found in various products including shatterproof windows, eyewear, water bottles, and epoxy resins that coat some metal food cans, bottle tops, and water supply pipes.

What foods are BPA free? ›

BPA Free Canned Food Brands
  • Oregon's Choice Albacore Tuna.
  • Eden Foods.
  • Trader Joe's Canned corn, green beans, coconut milk, all beans (reg and organic), tuna, poultry, and canned tomatoes.
  • Vital Choice Salmon, Albacore Tuna, Mackrel & Sardines.
  • Tiny Eco-Fish Canned Albacore Tuna.
  • Wild Planet 5 oz. ...
  • Edward & Sons.
Jul 31, 2022

What does BPA do to the brain? ›

BPA can induce aggression, anxiety, cognitive deficits, and learning-memory impairment 76-80. BPA can also influence the display of juvenile social behaviors in mice 81, 82. Perinatal exposure to BPA increases anxiety-like behavior and elevates dopamine levels in male, but not female, mice 83.

How do you detox from plastic? ›

Broccoli and cauliflower are miracle workers to help guard and detoxify from those dangerous chemicals. Colon hydrotherapy, infrared saunas when used correctly, juice cleanses, and castor oil packs applied to the liver can also be useful. Bring your own glass or metal bottle from home for your daily water.

What does BPA do to adults? ›

BPA affects your health in more ways than one. The toxic chemical has been linked to causing reproductive, immunity, and neurological problems, as well as an increased likelihood of Alzheimer's, childhood asthma, metabolic disease, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Can you get plastic out of your body? ›

Larger pieces of plastic can leave your body through elimination but there have been cases where it is absorbed or left sitting in the stomach.

How long does plastic stay in your body? ›

The good news is that eating a piece of plastic won't mean you will have the same fate as the poor animals that mistake plastic for food. According to Lusher, the plastic will leave your system after a day since it's small and your body tries to get rid of anything that can't be dissolved or used effectively.

Does BPA go through skin? ›

BPA can migrate onto the skin and be absorbed when handling these papers. BPA is a known endocrine disruptor and is therefore being replaced in thermal paper by some alternatives such as Bisphenol S (BPS), D-8, and Pergafast 201® (PF201).

Does BPA cause feminization? ›

BPA has been found to produce several defects in the embryo, such as feminization of male fetuses, atrophy of the testes and epididymides, increased prostate size, shortening of AGD, disruption of BTB, and alteration of adult sperm parameters (e.g.,sperm count, motility, and density).

Does BPA release estrogen? ›

Particularly, many studies have shown that BPA can activate estrogen receptors (ERs) α and β. To date, multiple lines of evidence have indicated that BPA has estrogen-like activity and exhibits developmental toxicity in the reproductive organs and inhibitory effects on testosterone synthesis.

How do you know if your body has BPA? ›

BPA exposure is generally assessed by measuring urine levels of this compound. In this research, we endeavor to determine the relative concentrations of BPA in blood, urine, and sweat.

Does BPA free plastic still Leach? ›

According to Care.com, just because a product is labeled as BPA-free doesn't mean it's fully safe to use. In fact, 70 percent of all BPA-free products still leach harmful chemicals into food and beverages.

Are BPA free bottles better? ›

The Health Benefits of BPA-Free Water Bottles

A growing amount of research links Bisphenol A to some major health concerns, such as a higher risk of certain cancers, reduced fertility, diabetes, and birth defects. These concerns even lead to a California ban on BPA.

Are BPA free bottles actually BPA free? ›

But “BPA free” does not mean “EDC free” and many products now contain bisphenol S as a substitute for BPA. BPS is a similar chemical and has been found in everything from canned soft drinks to receipt paper to baby bottles.

How important is BPA free plastic? ›

The most common health issues that BPA can cause is breast cancer and reproductive problems, including miscarriage, infertility, or genital development in infants. Some studies show that it can also lead to early puberty in young girls, or even infertility in men.

Is it OK to put hot water in BPA free plastic? ›

No, boiling water does not release toxic chemicals from the plastic of your Nalgene water bottle. They are made from a safer type of plastic called Tritan plastic. * Tritan is a BPA-free plastic — it is not manufactured with bisphenol A (BPA) or other bisphenol compounds, such as bisphenol S (BPS).

What is the safest plastic bottle to drink from? ›

When you do use plastics, look for these resin codes which are considered safer: #2 HDPE, #4 LDPE, and #5 PP. Examples of #2 HDPE (high density polyethylene) include: bottled milk, water and juice, yogurt cups, and some plastic bags.

What happens if you drink from a bottle that isn't BPA free? ›

Bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used chemical in plastics, has been linked with diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and cancer among others. The suggestion is that it could leach out of packaging and into our food and drink, causing chaos in our bodies.

Are Coke bottles BPA free? ›

Plastic water (and soda) bottles do not contain BPA

They don't contain BPA now and never did. The truth is, pretty much all plastic water (and soda) bottles are actually made from a plastic called polyethylene terephthalate, also known as PET. PET is not manufactured from BPA and does not contain BPA at all.

What replaced BPA in plastic? ›

A near-ubiquitous ingredient in plastic products, BPA is increasingly replaced by cousin chemicals — such as Bisphenol F (BPF) or BPS — due to mounting health concerns.

When did they stop putting BPA in plastic? ›

To harden plastics. Common examples are polycarbonate drinking bottles, hard plastic baby bottles and infant drinking cups. These are hard, clear, plastic bottles, usually with a recycling code "7" inside the triangle. Since 2009, most baby bottles made in the U.S. have NOT contained BPA.

How common is BPA in plastic? ›

BPA Basics

BPA is a chemical that has been used to harden plastics for more than 40 years. It's everywhere. It's in medical devices, compact discs, dental sealants, water bottles, the lining of canned foods and drinks, and many other products. More than 90% of us have BPA in our bodies right now.


1. BPA Free Plastic: Why It Does NOT Protect You | Harvard Professor Joseph Allen
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2. Tegyük a helyére - Helyzetjelentés
3. Joe Rogan: The Major Problem With Plastic & BPA's For Your Health & Processed Foods!!
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